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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 28 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1. 張清波,2008 ,TPS、精實生產、精實六標準差, 品質月刊
  2. 3. 林松茂,2008 ,以6 Sigma手法達到良率提升並且消除浪費與提升顧客滿意度, 品質月刊
  3. 4. Katayama, Hiroshi and David Bennett, “ Lean production on a changing competitive world: a Japanese perspective”, International Journal of Operations & Production Management, Vol. 16, No 2, 1996, pp. 8-23
  4. 5. Womack, J.P., D.T. Jones and D. Roos., The Machine that Changed the World, Rawson Associate, New York, NY, 1990.
  5. 6. Oliver, N. and R. Delbridge, D, Jones, and J. Lowe, “World class manufacturing: future evidence of the Lean Production Debate”, Proceedings of the British Academy of Management Conference, 1993, pp. 155-69
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 沈憲義(2010)。整合精實思維、TRIZ與六標準差於新產品功能測試驗證流程之探討。中原大學工業與系統工程研究所學位論文。2010。1-82。 
  2. 王妙蓁(2012)。運用QFD技術於精實改善專案規劃之研究。屏東科技大學企業管理系所學位論文。2012。1-125。 
  3. 傅振豪(2015)。運用精實六標準差管理於消費性電子產品SMT生產最佳製程研究以F公司為例。中央大學管理學院高階主管企管碩士班學位論文。2015。1-57。
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