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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 24 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Blecker, T., and Abdelkafi, N. "The development of a component commonality metric for mass customization," IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management (54:1), Feb 2007, pp 70-85.
  2. Chen, C.H., Khoo, L.P., and Jiao, L. "Information deduction approach through quality function deployment for the quantification of the dependency between design tasks," International Journal of Production Research (42:21), Nov 2004, pp 4623-4637.
  3. Corbett, B., and Rosen, D.W. "A configuration design based method for platform commonization for product families," Ai Edam-Artificial Intelligence for Engineering Design Analysis and Manufacturing (18:1), Win 2004, pp 21-39.
  4. Craighead, C.W., and Laforge, R.L. "Taxonomy of information technology adoption patterns in manufacturing firms," International Journal of Production Research (41:11), Jul 2003, pp 2431-2449.
  5. Duffy, V.G., Yen, B.P.C., and Cross, G.W. "Internet marketing and product visualization (IMPV) system: development and evaluation in support of product data management," International Journal of Computer Integrated Manufacturing (17:1), Jan-Feb 2003, pp 1-15.
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃文忠(2009)。模組化產品回覆詢報價之客戶需求分析方法論–以工具機「動力刀塔」為例。臺北科技大學製造科技研究所學位論文。2009。1-112。 
  2. 陳建忠(2012)。應用網路層級分析法探討具設計彈性新產品開發之關鍵成功因素-以A科技公司為例。大同大學工程管理碩士在職專班學位論文。2012。1-126。
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