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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing a document with a DOI, the DOI permanent URL should always be presented (if using APA or Chicago format, present number). If using a citation format that does not specify DOI, the DOI permanent URL should still be presented as a priority.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 23 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1. 王泰昌、李書行、王曉雯(2005),創新活動、資訊盜用與供應鏈績效,臺灣管理學刊,5卷1期,(2005/02)。
  2. 2. 吳泓怡、洪昱民(2007),供應商能力、夥伴關係與競爭優勢關係之研究-以台灣半導體產業為例,管理學域學術研討會論文集。
  3. 4. 姜國輝、陳冠竹、鍾豐謙(2001),資訊產業供應網路管理與資料交換之電子化,資訊管理研究,第三卷第二期,二○○一年四月。
  4. 9. 陳昱芬(2005),企業供應鏈管理績效之影響因素研究 - 跨組織資訊分享與夥伴關係的角色,資訊管理研究所碩士論文。
  5. 11. 詹立宇、張明宗、徐之強(2004),台灣製造業垂直分工與產業聚集之關係,經濟論文叢刊,32卷4期,2004/12。
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