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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 54 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳麗芬(1993)。國小學生補習狀況問卷分析。人本教育札記,43,12-18。
  2. 師說編輯小組(1996)。托育活動的另類思考。師說月刊,99,4-10。
  3. 馬祖琳、陳蓓薇、陳淑華、蘇怡萍、謝惠如(2000)。課後托育機構服務內容之個案研究。醫護科技學刊,2(1),1-11。
  4. 錢得龍(2005)。才藝學習氾濫父母怎麼辦?。師友,458,50-54。
  5. 謝孟穎(2003)。家長社經背景與學生學業成就關聯性之研究。教育研究集刊,49(2),255-287。
Times Cited (18) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林獻堂(2014)。新北市國小高年級學生參加數學科課外補習現況、數學焦慮與數學態度之研究。淡江大學教育政策與領導研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2014。1-119。 
  2. 曹毓庭(2012)。國小家長選擇子女創意學習補習教育考量因素之研究─消費者行為理論之應用。淡江大學教育科技學系碩士班學位論文。2012。1-189。 
  3. 許芳碧(2010)。品牌形象、服務品質、顧客關係、滿意度與行為意向關係之研究-以兒童補教業為例。淡江大學全球華商經營管理數位學習碩士在職專班學位論文。2010。1-87。 
  4. 郭麗玲(2009)。屏東地區家長對課後托育滿意度之研究-以公立幼稚園課後留園服務為例。屏東科技大學幼兒保育系所學位論文。2009。1-106。 
  5. 陳郁穎(2010)。學童二年級和四年級時參與安親班和才藝班的相關因子。臺灣大學衛生政策與管理研究所學位論文。2010。1-99。 
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