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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 30 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [5] E. Schubert, Light-Emitting Diodes, Cambridge University Press, UK, (2003).
  2. [7] A. Zukauskas, M. S. Shur, and R. Caska, Introduction to Solid-StateLighting,, John Wiley & Sons, New York, (2002).
  3. [11] R. C. Jordan, J. Bauer, and H. Oppermann, “Optimized heat transfer and homogeneous color converting for Ultra High Brightness LED Package,” Proc. SPIE 6198, 61980B1- 61980B12 (2006).
  4. [12] N. Narendran, Y. Gu, J. P. Freyssinier-Nova, and Y. Zhu, “Extracting phosphor-scattered photons to improve white LED efficiency,” Phys. Stat. Sol. 202, R60–R62 (2005).
  5. [15] W.T. Welford, High Collection Nonimaging Optics, Academic, SanDiego, Calif, (1989).
Times Cited (6) 〈TOP〉
  1. 廖竑瑋(2012)。小發散角的發光二極體照明器之設計。交通大學光電工程系所學位論文。2012。1-57。 
  2. 吳達睿(2015)。微透鏡陣列光學膜片對多色LED之混光分析。逢甲大學資訊電機工程碩士在職專班學位論文。2015。1-56。 
  3. 黃建中(2012)。摻雜YAG螢光粉之奈米結構氧化鋅的光電特性研究。臺北科技大學光電工程系研究所學位論文。2012。1-85。
  4. 李雅婷(2013)。以電泳螢光粉優化白光二極體之演色性。虎尾科技大學電子工程系碩士班學位論文。2013。1-82。
  5. 程勉儒(2014)。高功率白光 LED 適應性車燈之光學設計。中央大學光電科學與工程學系學位論文。2014。1-109。
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