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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 29 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [2] 「政府採購法令彙編」,行政院公共工程委員會,民國95年。
  2. [5] Tong Y., LU Y.,“Unbalanced bidding on contracts with variation trends in client-provided quantities.” Construction Management & Economics 10, pp.69-80, 1992.
  3. [8] Wang, W.C.,“Electronic-based procedure for managing unbalanced bids.”, ASCE Journal of Construction Engineering and Management 130 (3), pp.455–460, 2004.
  4. [9] Wang, W.C., Wang, H.H., Lai, Y.T. and Li, J.C., “Unit-price-based model for evaluating competitive bids.” International Journal of Project Management 24, pp.156–166, 2006.
  5. [26] 審計法施行細則。
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 潘柏銓(2015)。建築資訊模型規則界面之研究。淡江大學土木工程學系碩士班學位論文。2015。1-153。 
  2. 林緯杰(2014)。探討不平衡標在工程投標之研究。臺北科技大學工程科技研究所學位論文。2014。1-64。 
  3. 郭素蓉(2012)。政府機關辦理採購人員適當行為決策之研究-以「花博『花價風暴』」為例。政治大學行政管理碩士學程學位論文。2012。1-163。
  4. 劉帥雷(2016)。論公共工程之業主變更指示權。中原大學財經法律研究所學位論文。2016。1-152。
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