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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 25 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1.Inmon, W.H. (1996). Building the data warehouse. New York: Wiley Computer Pub.
  2. 2.Jiawei Han& Micheline Kamber (2001). Data mining: concepts and techniques. San Francisco: Morgan Kaufmann Publishers.
  3. 4.交通部運輸研究所(2008),公路設施養護管理法規與作業程序更新之研究(二),服務建議書。
  4. 5.交通部運輸研究所(2008),公路景觀資訊平台建置及規劃作業推廣計畫
  5. 6.交通部運輸研究所(2007),交通設施營運維護管理系統運用推廣計畫(三)
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 唐楷勝(2012)。維護管理導向橋梁生命週期文件管理系統之建立。中央大學營建管理研究所學位論文。2012。1-65。
  2. 馮晨茹(2014)。論政府採購制度變遷:以新制度主義途徑分析。中正大學政治學系學位論文。2014。1-172。
  3. 洪琳凱(2015)。衛生所業務委外之財政可行性研究─以新北市29區衛生所為例。中正大學會計與資訊科技學系學位論文。2015。1-113。
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