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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 49 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 【1】. Rusinko, C. A., Matthews, J. O. “Evolution of A Technological Community: A Case Study of Financial Derivatives”, Journal of Engineering and Technology Management, 14, 315-336, 1997.
  2. 【5】. Nance, D. R., Smith C. W., Smithson C. W., “On the determinants of corporate hedging,” Journal of Finance 48, 267-281, 1993.
  3. 【7】. Alkeback, P., Hagelin N., “Derivative usage by nonfinancial firms in Sweden with an international comparison,” Journal of International Financial Management and Accounting 10, 105-120, 1999.
  4. 【8】. Nguyen, H., Robert F., June, “On The Determinants of Derivative Usage by Australian Companies,” Australian Journal of Management, 27,1-24, 2002.
  5. 【9】. Jesswein, K. R., Kwok, Chuck, C. Y., Folks, William, R. Jr., Corporate Use of Innovative Foreign Exchange Risk Management products, ”Columbia Journal of World Business, 30, 70-82, 1995.
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃漢堂(2011)。整合支撐向量機模型(SVM)與市場基礎模型應用於台灣營建公司財務危機預測之研究。臺灣大學土木工程學研究所學位論文。2011。1-118。
  2. 蔡爾逸(2012)。應用支撐向量機(SVM)於都市不動產價格預測之研究。中央大學營建管理研究所學位論文。2012。1-55。
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