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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 67 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [1]A. Zukauskas, M. S. Shur, and R. Caska, Introduction to Solid-state Lighting, John Wiley & Sons, New York (2002).
  2. [3]E. F. Schubert and J. K. Kim, “Solid-state light sources becoming smart,” Science 308, 1274-1278 (2005).
  3. [5]N. Holonyak and S. F. Bevacqua, “Coherent (visible) light emission from Ga(As1-xPx) junctions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 1, 82-83 (1962).
  4. [6]A. A. Bergh and P. J. dean, Light emitting diodes, Clarendon Press, Oxford (1976).
  5. [7]C. P. Kuo, R. M. Fletcher, T. D. Osentowski, M. C. Lardizabal, M. G., Craford, and V. M. Robbins, “High performance AlInGaP visible light emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 2937-2939 (1990).
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 賀培誠(2011)。陣列式氮化鎵發光二極體光萃取效率之研究。元智大學光電工程學系學位論文。2011。1-123。 
  2. 劉瑋瑋(2011)。白光LED之螢光粉熱衰探討。中央大學光電科學研究所學位論文。2011。1-101。
  3. 賈覲安(2012)。藍光LED微結構設計對光萃取效率之研究。中央大學光電科學研究所學位論文。2012。1-62。
  4. 張簡千琳(2013)。新型LED封裝結構與技術於光學特性改善之研究。清華大學動力機械工程學系學位論文。2013。1-155。
  5. 劉俊賢(2014)。複合陣列微米與次微米藍寶石結構對LED整體出光效率。中央大學光電科學與工程學系學位論文。2014。1-70。
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