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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing a document with a DOI, the DOI permanent URL should always be presented (if using APA or Chicago format, present number). If using a citation format that does not specify DOI, the DOI permanent URL should still be presented as a priority.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 37 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 詹立宇. 2005. "台灣製造業聚集之研究; the Research of Industry Agglomeration in Taiwan's Manufacturing Sector.",中央大學產業經濟研究所,博士論文。
  2. 紀玉臨 and 賴進貴. 2010. "區域經濟收斂與空間外溢效應臺灣, 1991-2001." 地理學報, (58), 1-23.
  3. 楊志海 and 陳忠榮. 2001. "研究發展, 技術引進與專利-一般動差法於可數追蹤資料的應用." 經濟論文叢刊, 29(1), 69-87.
  4. 楊志海 and 陳忠榮. 2002. "研究發展, 專利與生產力-台灣製造業的實證研究." 經濟論文叢刊, 30(1), 27-48.
  5. Anselin, Luc; Attila Varga and Zoltan Acs. 1997. "Local Geographic Spillovers between University Research and High Technology Innovations." Journal of urban economics, 42(3), 422-48.
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 謝函蓉(2015)。全球產業分工下墨西哥電子業之研究。淡江大學美洲研究所碩士班學位論文。2015。1-148。 
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