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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 65 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 5. EMBA雜誌編輯部(2003年2月)。讓員工對公司許下承諾。EMBA雜誌。
  2. 2. Allen, N. J., & Meyer, J. P. (1990), “The Measurement and Antecedents of Affective, Continuance, and Normative Commitment to the Organization,” Journal ofOccupational Psychology, 63(1), 1-18.
  3. 3. Ashforth, B. E. and F. Mael: 1989, ‘Social Identity Theory and the Organization’, Academy of Management Review 14(1), 20–39.
  4. 4. Baron and Kenny, 1986. The moderator-mediator variable distinction in socialpsychological research: conceptual, strategic, and statistical considerations.Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 51(6): 1173-1182.
  5. 5. Becker( 1960). “Notes on the concept commitment,” The American Journal of Sociology, Vol. 66, No. 1, 32-42.
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 朱庭萱(2015)。倫理氣候與職場靈性對企業社會責任與組織公民行為之影響-以台灣上市櫃公司公司治理成效為中介變項。淡江大學企業管理學系碩士班學位論文。2015。1-146。 
  2. 甄友薇(2015)。企業社會責任報告書揭露品質之決定因素及其與公司績效之關聯性。臺灣大學財務金融學研究所學位論文。2015。1-45。 
  3. 蔡銀玲(2015)。員工企業社會責任感知與企業社會責任活動參與之關聯-以歸因為干擾變數。中央大學人力資源管理研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2015。1-74。
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