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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 61 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1. 王國珍. (2008). 中高齡退休專業人力再運用─供給面之探討. (碩士), 國立政治大學, 台北市.
  2. 2. 余金珍. (2013). 退休中高階經理人再就業經驗之探討. (碩士), 臺灣大學, 台北市.
  3. 10. 張綺鈺. (2013). 嬰兒潮世代的退休與養老想像. (碩士), 國立臺北大學, 新北市.
  4. 13. 陳昭君. (2012). 活躍老化與中高齡者就業─芬蘭經驗的討論. (碩士), 國立中正大學, 嘉義縣.
  5. 14. 陳慧珊. (2013). 退休生涯規劃與活躍老化關係之研究—以桃園縣教育志工為例. 元智大學社會暨政策科學學系學位論文, 1-138.
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張子廉(2017)。中國大陸地區中高齡者退休後再就業意願之影響因素探討。義守大學企業管理學系學位論文。2017。1-102。
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