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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 26 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [1]. G. Jeffrey Snyder, Mogens Christensen, Eiji Nishibori, Thierry Caillat,and Bo Brummerstedt Iversen, ”Disordered zinc in Zn4Sb3 with phonon-glass and electron-crystal thermoelectric properties”, N mat, Vol.3, pp.459-463, 2004
  2. [2]. T. Caillat, J.-P. Fleurial and A. Borshchevsky,” Preparation and thermoelectric properties of Semiconducting Zn4Sb3”, Phys. Chem. Solids ,vol.58, pp.1119–1125 , 1997.
  3. [3]. A. N. Qiu, L. T. Zhang, and J. S. Wu,” Crystal structure, electronic structure, and thermoelectric properties of β-Zn4Sb3 from first principles”, Phys. Rev. B 81, 2010
  4. [4]. Birgitte L. Pedersen, Henrik Birkedal, Mats Nygren, Poul Toft Frederiksen, and Bo B. Iversen,” The effect of Mg doping on the thermoelectric performance of Zn4Sb3”, J. Appl. Phys ,vol.105, 2009
  5. [5]. Q. Q. Wang, X. Y. Qin, D. Li, and T. H. Zou,” Enhancement of thermopower and thermoelectric performance through resonant distortion of electronic density of states of Zn4Sb3 doped with Sm”, J.Appl. Phys. Lett , vol.102,2013
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳漢文(2015)。利用急冷旋鑄及真空熱壓製備Zn4Sb3奈米/微米晶塊材之熱電性質與機械性質研究。中央大學材料科學與工程研究所學位論文。2015。1-86。
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