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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 31 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 2.林俊良,「應用分析網絡程序法建構研發人員職能評選模式之研究-以網通產業G公司為例」,國立中正大學勞工研究所碩士論文,2011。
  2. 3.林裕昌,「以組織變革復甦企業之階段性任務分析-以和泰汽車之組織變革為例」,國立成功大學企業管理研究所碩士論文,2006。
  3. 7.楊蒙竹,「新創事業產品策略、組織發展與組織能力探討-以A公司為例」,國立中央大學人力資源研究所碩士論文,2006。
  4. 9.葉瀚文,「子公司的組織變革-以脈絡論分析埔里酒廠的組織變革」,國立暨南大學資訊管理學系研究所碩士論文,2011。
  5. 10.雷德孚,「OEM廠商轉型OBM之挑戰(以網通產業為例)」,國立政治大學經營管理研究所碩士論文,2007。
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