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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 38 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [1] 李俊德,民國94年,「以限制規劃求解全年無休人員排班問題之研究-以護理排班人員為例」,國立交通大學運輸科技與管理學系,碩士論文,新竹市。
  2. [3] 邱俊唐,民國96年,「高雄港在亞太地區轉運競爭力之研究」,國立中央大學土木工程學系,碩士論文,中壢市。
  3. [10] 張若怡,民國96年,「運用限制規劃求解氣體配送途程問題」,國立成功大學,交通管理科學系,碩士論文,台南市。
  4. [12] 鄭雅勻,民國96年,「利用限制規劃求解客服中心人員排班問題」,國立清華大學,工業工程與工程管理學系,碩士論文,新竹市。
  5. [13] 廖坤靜,民國77年,「航海力學」,中華民國海事學會。
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