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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 101 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 7. 張銘峻,(民92),「新產品績效受顧客互動強度與顧客知識管理能力等相關因素影響之研究」,私立中原大學企業管理研究所未出版碩士論文。
  2. 8. 黃文仙,(民90),「顧客互動強度、顧客知識管理能力及顧客特性對新產品績效影響之研究」,私立中原大學企業管理研究所未出版碩士論文。
  3. 15. 闕志章,(民92),「知識管理能力與研發/行銷部門間互動對新產品開發績效之影響」,私立中原大學企業管理研究所未出版碩士論文。
  4. Business School (Case), 9, pp.397-108.
  5. 4. Barczak, G. (1995), “New Product Strategy, Structure, Process, and Performance in the Telecommunications Industry”, Journal of Product Innovation Management, 12(2), pp. 224-234.
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蘇郁雅(2017)。以幾何抽象概念應用於袋包的感質設計創作。臺中科技大學商業設計系碩士班學位論文。2017。1-72。
  2. 洪瑞駿(2017)。賴爺爺蜜蜂城堡形象視覺設計。臺中科技大學商業設計系碩士班學位論文。2017。1-198。
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