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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 135 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 于佩靈:〈清末的上海圖景──竹枝詞的集體描繪〉,《中極學刊》,2004年第4期。
  2. 呂文翠:〈「觀」「看」新視界:視覺現代性與晚清上海城市敘事〉,《中央大學人文學報》,2008年第36期。
  3. 黃一農:〈袁枚《隨園詩話》中涉紅記事新考〉,《清華學報》卷43,2013年第3期。
  4. 潘光哲:〈晚清中國士人與西方政體類型知識「概念工程」的創造與轉化──以蔣敦復與王韜為中心〉,《新史學》卷22,2011年第3期。
  5. 一、晚清報刊
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蔡明純(2017)。近代中國的海外旅行文化(1866-1941):以遊歷風氣到旅行事業的推展為中心。臺灣大學歷史學研究所學位論文。2017。1-252。 
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