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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 122 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. ‧王明珂(1997)。華夏邊緣:歷史記憶與族群認同。台北市:允晨文化
  2. ‧王雯君(2005)。客家邊界:客家意象的詮釋與重建。東吳社會學報,18期:117-156。
  3. ‧朱貞盈(2007)。企業家精神之決定因素及其對績效的影響。國立成功大學國際企業研究所碩士論文。
  4. ‧李美華(2006)。台灣電視媒體之組織文化與永續發展策略之探討。傳播與管理研究,第2期:第五卷 頁37-72。
  5. ‧林政緯(2009)。「意識形態風格」之台北市形象廣告設計創作研究。國立臺灣師範大學美術學系碩士論文。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李婉菁(2015)。客家社會企業家田家炳推動德育工程之研究―以兩岸三地為例。中央大學客家政治經濟研究所學位論文。2015。1-138。
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