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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 31 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1.遊龍輝,2007,將六標準差手法融入精實生產理念之改善績效-以某印刷電路板廠為例'國立中央大學管理學院高階主管企管碩士論文。
  2. 2.高國祥,2013,軟性印刷電路板應用趨勢與品質管理策略-以F公司為例,國立交通大學高階主管管理學學程碩士論文。
  3. 3.羅仕堉,2006,建構精實流線化與彈性製造單元之生產模式,中原大學工業工程學系碩士論文
  4. 7. 楊舜龍,2011,成功推動精實六標準差創造高效營運管理個案研究,國立交通大學高階主管管理學程碩士班P11
  5. 8.黃暉慈,2006,從精實與六標準差角度探討新產品開發流程,中興大學科技管理研究所碩士論文。
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