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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 102 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 許詩佳(2010)。臺灣社會企業之人力資源管理探討。未出版碩士論文,國立中央大學人力資源管理碩士班,桃園縣。
  2. 陳文貞(2014)。客家產業節目的族群意象分析─以客家安可為例。未出版碩士論文,國立中央大學客家語文暨社會科學社會文化碩士班,桃園縣。
  3. 曾韻潔(2013)。客家企業家社會價值實踐之析探:以田家炳基金會為例。未出版碩士論文,國立中央大學客家政治經濟研究所碩士論文,桃園縣。
  4. 馮嬋(2014)。社會責任呼喚社會企業家。人力資源管理,1,1-10。
  5. 黃源協、劉素珍、莊俐昕、林信廷(2010)。社區社會資本與社區發展關聯性之研究。公共行政學報,34,29-75。
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