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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 56 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1.王妍蓁(1997),工作壓力源與壓力後果之關係:以華人工作價值關為調節變項。
  2. 3.王家鴻(2006),組織溝通要素、組織溝通效能及設計績效間之關係研究。
  3. 5.林侑民(2006),企業員工MSN自我效能影響即時通訊使用行為與溝通滿意之研究。
  4. 7.李欣凱(2008),企業即時通訊軟體對員工溝通效率之影響--以A公司為例。
  5. 11.吳慧卿(2003),選手知覺教練領導行為、團隊衝突、團隊凝聚力與滿意度關係。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 郭彥宏(2017)。行動社群訊息中文字與表情貼圖使用模式之研究-以LINE為例。義守大學資訊管理學系學位論文。2017。1-37。
  2. 簡秋丹(2017)。運用即時通訊進行公務溝通所產生的影響: 溝通效能、工作壓力及焦慮。淡江大學公共行政學系公共政策碩士在職專班學位論文。2017。1-130。
  3. 陳瑾瑜(2017)。LINE商業效益探究:以AISAS模式解析消費者行為。淡江大學大眾傳播學系碩士班學位論文。2017。1-174。
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