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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 68 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 3. 石雅智(2011)。員工對企業公益活動之參與意願研究,中央大學人力資源管理研究所碩士在職專班學位論文,1-45。
  2. 7. 李佩容(2009)。員工企業社會責任知覺對組織承諾與離職傾向影響之實證研究,李政義(1990)。企業社會責任論,台北市: 巨流.
  3. 8. 林岑璐(2013)。員工參與公司志工服務方案對組織認同之影響: 一項歷程觀點探討。臺灣大學心理學研究所學位論文,1-147.
  4. 9. 孫震(2009)。企業倫理與企業社會責任,台北市: 天下遠見.
  5. 10. 翁望回(1987)。企業正當性之實證研究:社會責任的觀點,政治大學企業管理研究所未出版博士論文。
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