Search & Read at all times.
Your portable library is online!,Hello!
Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Previous Page
Next Page
There is no full-text available at the moment. Airiti would like to request author's authorization. I would like to provide authorization.


王藝臻 , Masters  Advisor:王俐容  


關西咸菜甕王廷昌衛阿貴GuanxiXiancaiongWang TingchangWei Agui

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 132 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳子光(1959)。《臺灣紀事》。臺灣文獻叢刊第36種。
  2. 新埔鎮誌編輯委員會(1997)。《新埔鎮誌》。新竹:新埔鎮公所。
  3. 丁曰健(1959)。《治臺必告錄》。臺灣文獻叢刊第17種。臺北:臺灣銀行經濟研究室。
  4. 吳學明、林柔辰(2013)。《臺灣客家聚落之信仰調查:變與不變-義民爺信仰之擴張與演變》。國史館臺灣文獻館/客家委員會。
  5. 李文良(2011)。《清代南臺灣移墾與客家社會(1680-1790)》。臺北:臺大出版中心。
Altmetrics 〈TOP〉
E-mail :
When an article is available to download, a notice will be sent to your mailbox address.
E-mail :