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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 31 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [2] B. Ferdinand, L. Oliver, D. S. David, and G. P. Sylvie, “CAT II / OTS CAT II operations using existing CAT I Ground Based Augmentation System,” 2011 IEEE/AIAA 30th Digital Avionics Systems Conference (DASC), pp. 4B2-1- 4B2-11, 2011.
  2. [3] U. Grasselli, S. Terramano, and B. Ricci, “Reliability evaluation of airport power systems under operative constraints,” International Symposium on Power Electronics, Electrical Drives, Automation and Motion, pp. 852-856, 2006.
  3. [4] S. Cao, W. Yang, and G. Zhai, “Reliability analysis of airport lighting aid system based on light source failure,” 26th International Conference on Electrical Contacts (ICEC 2012), pp.475-478, 2012.
  4. [28] 劉正弘「國內機場空側助航燈光認證作業之研究」國立成功大學交通管理科學研究所,碩士論文(2006年)
  5. [1] 桃園國際機場股份有限公司「臺灣桃園國際機場道面整建及助導航設施提升工程計畫-專案報告」民國101年12月24日,立法院第8屆第2會期交通委員會第19次全體委員會議 P.3
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