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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 19 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1. 王冠中. (2012). 都市土地利用型與地表溫度關係之探究-以台北市為例. 國立臺灣大學森林環境暨資源學研究所碩士論文.
  2. 2. 何佳薇. (2011). 台中地區土地利用變化於熱島效應之研究. 逢甲大學土地管理學系碩士論文.
  3. 4. 林憲德, 郭曉青, 李魁鵬, 陳子謙, & 陳冠廷. (2001). 台灣海岸型都市之都市熱島現象與改善對策解析. 都市與計畫, 3 (28), 頁 323-341.
  4. 9. 嚴綾. (2012). 應用衛星資料探討大台北地區都市熱島效應之時空分布. 國立中央大學太空科學研究所碩士論文.
  5. 10. Anniballe Roberta. (2014). Spatial and temporal trends of the surface and air heat island over Milan using MODIS data. Remote Sensing of Environment , Vol.150, pp 163-171.
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