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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 39 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1. 陳瑋志,「地工泡棉(EPS)應用於路基之價值分析與施工碳排比較」,國立台北科技大學土木與防災研究所碩士論文,2014。
  2. 6. 邱垂煥,「教室耗能設備碳盤查之系統建構與經濟效能分析」,國立屏東科技大學工業管理系碩士論文,2011。
  3. 7. 吳國洋,「混凝土製品應用於土木工程之減碳效益評估-以道路、建築工程為例」,國立中央大學土木工程學系碩士論文,2011。
  4. 8. 謝雨蓁,「室內裝修二氧化碳排放量之案例研究-以台中市集合住宅共用空間為例」,朝陽科技大學建築及都市設計研究所碩士論文,2010。
  5. 10. David J. M. Flower and Jay G. Sanjayan, “Green House Gas Emissions due to Concrete Manufacture”, Department of Civil Engineering Monash University, 2007.
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