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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 101 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林祖嘉、劉大年、譚瑾瑜,2008/12/20,〈建立兩岸經濟合作機制內涵探討〉,「第四屆兩岸經貿文化論壇」,上海:國家政策基金會與海峽兩岸關係研究中心。
  2. Baier, S. L., and J. H. Bergstrand, (2007), “Do Free Trade Agreements Actually Increase Members International Trade?” Journal of International Economics, 71(1), 72-95.
  3. Baltagi, B. H., P. Egger, and M. Pfaffermayr, (2008), “Estimating Regional Trade Agreement Effects on FDI in an Interdependent World,” Journal of Econometrics, 145(1-2), 194–208.
  4. Breusch, T. S., and A. R. Pagan, (1980), “The Lagrange Multiplier Test and Its Applications to Model Specification in Econometrics,” Review of Economic Studies, 47(1), 239-53.
  5. Buckley, P. J., and M. C. Casson, (1976), The Future of the Multinational Enterprise, New York: Holmes and Meier.
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 謝秉儒(2016)。在ECFA架構下中韓FTA之簽訂對台灣經濟之影響。淡江大學國際企業學系碩士班學位論文。2016。1-86。
  2. 林吉琳(2016)。外資與中國經濟發展之關聯性分析:1998-2013。中山大學中國與亞太區域研究所學位論文。2016。1-239。
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