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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 199 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王妙里(2002),反思教學中教師內省智慧的探索,臺北教育大學課程與教學研究所碩士論文。
  2. 王思峰、劉麗萍(2007),虛擬社群中誰比較可信任?,Chinese Journal of Psychology,49(1),1-17。
  3. 白鎮瑋(2012),社群使用者的歸屬感需求與廣告效果之關係研究-以Facebook為例,中央大學資訊管理學系碩士論文。
  4. 白嘉玲(2010),不同背景變相的單身成人依附風格、宗教認同態度和人際親密能力之關係研究,國立台灣師範大學教育新理與輔導學系碩士在職專班論文。
  5. 朱文禎、陳哲賢(2007),探討虛擬社群之知識分享行為:以線上遊戲社群為例,電子商務研究-2007年春季刊,5(1),55-80。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 羅勝文(2015)。人情智能對感知的情緒貼圖使用恰當性之影響。中央大學資訊管理學系學位論文。2015。1-321。
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