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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 180 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. ﹝7﹞ 林清山,程炳林,「國中生自我調整學習因素與學習表現之關係暨自我調整的
  2. ﹝8﹞ 王雅玲,秦爾聰,「實施探究教學對學生數學焦慮的影響」 ,台灣數學教師電
  3. 29~33頁,1997。
  4. ﹝12﹞ 李仁豪,余民寧,「二層次結構方程式模型的應用:以教育心理學為例」,師大
  5. ﹝13﹞ 林啟超,「高職學生之未來時間觀、成就目標與適應性學習行為間徑路模式
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃乙珊(2015)。網路同儕互評對大學生學習動機、自我效能與學習成效之探究 - 以「影像繪圖設計」課程為例。屏東科技大學幼兒保育系所學位論文。2015。1-100。 
  2. 黃苑婷(2016)。高中生的社團參與對其自我效能與學業成就的影響 -以台北市某女子高中為例。臺灣大學國家發展研究所學位論文。2016。1-64。 
  3. 藍雅芸(2016)。問題解決能力、自我效能、合作學習滿意度與學習成效關聯性之研究-以淡江大學教育科技學系專題導向課程為例。淡江大學教育科技學系碩士班學位論文。2016。1-88。
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