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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 92 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1. 何明虹(2008),透過員工企業社會責任觀點及人格來探討工作滿意度與組織承諾之關連性研究,國立成功大學工業資訊管理學系碩士論文。未出版。台南。
  2. 2. 何金銘,黃英忠,陳錦輝,莊美娟(2005),工作需求-控制-支持模式與工作倦怠關係之研究:以海關人員為例,人力資源管理學報,5(2),19-37。
  3. 5. 呂博能(2005),員工之組織認同與領導效能認知對其工作滿意度之影響--以 J 金控公司為例,國立中央大學人力資源管理研究所碩士論文。未出版。桃園。
  4. 7. 李鴻昌、童惠玲、陳國義(2007),工作壓力與組織承諾:教師工作價值觀之干擾效果,中華民國品質學會第43屆年會暨第十三屆全國品質管理研討會論文。
  5. 8. 林詩容(2011),旅館從業人員之倫理課程對企業社會責任、工作滿意度與組織承諾之關係,亞洲大學休閒與遊憩管理學系碩士論文。未出版。台北。
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