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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 41 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 6.司徒達賢(1995),《策略管理》,台北:遠流出版社。
  2. 13.陳相如、吳貴彬(2002),”失效模式與效應分析(FMEA)-QS9000之預防分析工具”,品質月刊,38(6),87-90。
  3. 14.華強、李朝金(2009),”應用 FMEA 於氣動工具產品設計-以衝擊扳手為例”,中華民國設計學會第14屆學術研究成果研討會,朝陽科技大學。
  4. 17.賴士葆(1985),”研究發展/行銷/製造三部門互動與新產品發展績效相關之研究”,中華經濟企業研究所研究叢論,台北:中華經濟研究院。
  5. 1.Booz, Allen & Hamilton (1982), New product management for 1980’s. New York:Booz, Allen & Hamilton, Inc.
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 羅時安(2015)。應用協同規劃預測補貨於伺服器備品存貨改善之研究-以Q代工公司為例。中央大學工業管理研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2015。1-79。
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