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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing a document with a DOI, the DOI permanent URL should always be presented (if using APA or Chicago format, present number). If using a citation format that does not specify DOI, the DOI permanent URL should still be presented as a priority.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 61 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Anderson, G. (1994), Industry clustering for economic development. Economic Development Review, 12(2), 26-32.
  2. Arrow, K.J (1962). Economic welfare and the allocation of resources for invention. In: The Rate and Direction of Inventive Activity Economic and Social Factors [M]. Princeton University Press, 609–625
  3. Bertinelli, L. and J. Decrop (2005). Geographical agglomeration: Ellison and Glaeser''s index applied to the case of Belgian manufacturing industry. Regional Studies, 39, 567-583.
  4. Bin, G. (2005). Technological development, technology spillover and profitability: An industry level empirical analysis of Chinese manufacturing industries. Technology Analysis and Strategic Management, 17, 279-292.
  5. Broersma, L. and J. van Dijk (2008). The effect of congestion and agglomeration on multifactor productivity growth in Dutch regions. Journal of Economic Geography, 8, 181-209.
Times Cited (8) 〈TOP〉
  1. 余筱萱(2014)。台灣紡織業現況之經濟分析。中原大學國際經營與貿易學系學位論文。2014。1-54。 
  2. 王翠華(2018)。產業聚集與廠商的生產力及研發:以臺灣工具機產業為例。國立臺灣大學經濟學系學位論文。2018。1-66。 
  3. 陳瑄翎(2015)。聚集對經營績效之影響-以上海紡織業為例。臺灣大學國家發展研究所學位論文。2015。1-87。 
  4. 胡立強(2015)。台灣紡織品出口之實證分析。國立臺灣大學經濟學系學位論文。2015。1-45。 
  5. 劉訓華(2012)。產業聚集與廠商生產力之關係:以台灣電子產業為例。國立臺灣大學經濟學系學位論文。2012。1-69。 
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