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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 32 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 2. 王馥蓓 (2009)。「CEO觀點-企業社會責任五大發展趨勢」。
  2. 4. 吳嘉玲 (2006),「非營利組織中義工的工作動機與工作表現-以台北市立美術館為例」,國立中央大學,碩士論文。
  3. 14. 黃營杉,齊德彰 (2005)。「企業倫理、社會責任與慈善公益作為之研究-以台灣高科技電子產業為例」,人文暨社會科學期刊,第一卷第二期,53~95頁。
  4. 15. 楊資華 (2007)。「企業社會責任及其評量機制之研究」,國立政治大學,碩士論文。
  5. 3. MacPhail, F., Bowels, P., (2009), Corporate Social Responsibility as Support for Employee Volunteers: Impacts, Gender Puzzles and Policy Implications in Canada, Journal of Business Ethics, 84(3): 405-416.
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張慧貞(2012)。金控公司企業社會責任策略對經營績效的影響。臺北大學國際財務金融碩士在職專班學位論文。2012。1-66。
  2. 蔡銀玲(2015)。員工企業社會責任感知與企業社會責任活動參與之關聯-以歸因為干擾變數。中央大學人力資源管理研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2015。1-74。
  3. 吳思穎(2015)。員工心理契約對其企業社會責任活動參與之影響-以歸因為中介變數。中央大學人力資源管理研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2015。1-63。
  4. 陳怡潔(2015)。員工企業社會責任感知對企業社會責任活動參與的影響:以組織認同為中介變項。中央大學人力資源管理研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2015。1-61。
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