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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 75 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 15. 邱震忠(1998),我國行動電話製造商代工策略及行為之初探,元智大學管理研究所碩士論文。
  2. 16. 徐碩村(2006),全球化佈局之研究-以塑膠射出模具業為例,國立政治大學經營管理碩士學程碩士論文。
  3. 18. 曾建銘(2005),中小企業經營成長策略之研究-以傳統塑膠模具產業為例,國立成功大學,工業與資訊管理學系專班碩士論文。
  4. 20. 彭榮達(2007),台灣模具塑膠製造公司成長策略之探討--以"A"公司為例,國立清華大學高階經營管理碩士在職專班碩士論文。
  5. 24. Barney, D. F. (1991), Time Paths in the Diffusion of Product Innovations. London: Macmillan.
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳啟忠(2012)。水處理業經營策略之探討。臺北科技大學管理學院工業工程與管理EMBA專班學位論文。2012。1-239。
  2. 范振鉅(2014)。電子製造服務業(EMS)產業競爭優勢與經營策略之研究─以LH公司為例。中央大學管理學院高階主管企管碩士班學位論文。2014。1-57。
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