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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 28 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 5、 桃園縣政府工務局,桃園縣寬頻管道建置工程成果說明簡報,96年。
  2. 6、 新聯工程顧問股份有限公司,桃園縣政府98年度寬頻管道建置案後 續建置申請計畫書,97年。
  3. 9、 郭蔡文、古沼格、張再傳、耿彥偉、楊曜華,舖面工程第四卷第四期,「桃園縣寬頻管道規劃及建置管理機制探討」,民國95年12月。
  4. 10、 彭保華、許聖富,舖面工程第四卷第四期「行動台灣(M)計畫-寬頻管道建置現況簡介」,民國95年12月。
  5. 19、 空間資訊化系統於公共管線資料管理應用之研究 - 以臺北縣為例,陳寶媛、王隆昌、黃建忠、宋益明,網路資料。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 任怡賓(2014)。提升管線工程與路平施工整合機制之研究-以臺北市市區道路為例。中央大學土木工程學系學位論文。2014。1-138。
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