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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 181 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 2008臺灣Go Far(2009)。挑戰2008:國家發展重點計畫。2011年8月31日,
  2. 王志弘(2003)。臺北市文化治理的性質與轉變(1967-2002)。臺灣社會研究季刊,52, 121-186。
  3. 史美強、謝百傑(2010)。公共管理:變革與發展。載於林水波、林皆興、李柏諭(主編),都會網絡治理課責之探討,公共管理的便革與創新研討會。臺北:巨流。
  4. 朱立倫(2009)。優質公共服務─「桃園驚豔」新政新領航。研考雙月刊,33(5),11-17。
  5. 行政院客家委員會( 2007 )。九十六年度臺灣客家民眾客語使用狀況調查。臺北:行政院客委會。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 曾能穎(2016)。地方客家文化館之委外問題與策略研究。臺北大學公共行政暨政策學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2016。1-151。
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