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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 25 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. ﹝3﹞ 黃開義,柯志豐,「製造系統整合績效之衡量與評估」,大葉學報,第八卷第二期,45~52 頁,民國88 年。
  2. ﹝4﹞ 洪海玲,「以資料包絡分析法作製造業之營運效率分析」,國立成功大學,碩士論文,民國91 年。
  3. ﹝7﹞ 歐惠容「以資料包絡法探討護理單位之效率-以兩所醫學中心為例」,國立中山大學,碩士論文,民國92 年。
  4. ﹝8﹞ 黃嘉若,「製造系統的績效評估」,國立清華大學,碩士論文,民國95 年。
  5. ﹝9﹞ 鍾漢軍,「以資料包絡分析法評估醫院臨床科別經營績效----以某區域教學醫院為例」,義守大學,碩士論文,民國95 年。
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