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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 114 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 丁邦新 1980《台灣語言源流》,台北:學生書局。
  2. 周振鵬 游汝杰1990《方言與中國文化》,南天書局。
  3. 2004〈台灣客語的文白異讀研究〉,《台灣語文研究》第二期。
  4. 2005〈知莊章聲母的捲舌音─舌位的前化運動〉,發表於《第九屆國際暨第廿三屆全國聲韻學學術研討會》。
  5. 羅肇錦 1994〈客語異讀音的來源〉,《台北師院學報》第七期。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 劉淑惠(2014)。廣西鍾山客家話研究。中央大學客家語文研究所學位論文。2014。1-236。
  2. 梁萩香(2015)。泰國曼谷的梅縣客家話研究。中央大學客家研究碩士在職專班學位論文。2015。1-281。
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