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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 51 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1. 臺灣地區橋梁管理資訊系統資料庫:2012年1月1日。
  2. 4. 許晃雄、吳宜昭、周佳、陳正達、陳永明、盧孟明,「臺灣氣候變遷科學報告」,國家災害防救科技中心,2011。
  3. 5. 王亭復、林主潔、王炤烈、許鎧麟、張光甫、張嘉峰、郭國振、林育輝、廖惠菁,「重要橋梁搶修及臨時橋梁(含預警系統)施工技術手冊」,財團法人臺灣營建研究院,2004。
  4. 6. 林主潔、羅俊雄、張國鎮、王亭復「跨越活動斷層橋梁規劃設計方式之研究」,行政院公共工程委員會,2002。
  5. 13. 陳振川,「莫拉克風災災後重建現況與展望」,行政院莫拉克颱風災後重建推動委員會,2010。
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