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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 68 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 江宜倩,2001,《未婚男性婚姻觀之研究》。台北:國立臺灣師範大學家政教育研究所碩士論文。江運貴,1996,《客家與臺灣》。台北:常民。
  2. 吳承珊,2000,《母親與教師的管教方式對幼兒社會行為影響之研究》。台北:國立台灣師範大學家政教育系碩士論文。
  3. 邱珍琬,2003,《親職教育》。台北:五南。
  4. 邱詩婷,2008,《客家族群性別制度之研究-以屏東縣竹田聚落為例》。屏東:屏東教育大學教育系研究所碩士論文。
  5. 姜惠文、陳銀螢,2008,〈台灣客家父親的父職認知及子女教養信念--以育有學齡 子女的父親為例〉。《家庭教育與諮商學刊》5:61-80。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃霈瑄(2015)。從接受美學視角看臺灣客家歌謠的現代傳承與女性形象再現。中央大學客家語文研究所學位論文。2015。1-172。
  2. 徐敏華(2015)。影響客家女性社會地位關鍵因素之研究。臺北大學公共行政暨政策學系學位論文。2015。1-133。
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