Search & Read at all times.
Your portable library is online!,Hello!
Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 116 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 甘獻基,社會救助法制之建構-我國與法國法制之比較研究,臺灣大學法律學研究所碩士論文,2011年8月。
  2. 林幸誼,社會救助中強制工作條款之合憲性檢驗,成功大學法律學研究所碩士論文,2010年7月。
  3. 洪伯勳,製造低收入戶-鄉愿福利國家之社會救助官僚實作,臺灣大學社會學研究所碩士論文,2010年8月,
  4. 楊潼樺,我國社會救助法家庭計算人口範圍界定之修法演進-兼論對新貧家庭的影響,成功大學科技法律研究所碩士論文,2011年7月。
  5. 王永慈,積極促進(Activation)概念的解析,東吳社會工作學報,第16期,2007年6月,頁151-173。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳思穎(2016)。長期照顧制度之研究-兼評長期照護保險法草案。中正大學法律學系學位論文。2016。1-253。
Altmetrics 〈TOP〉
E-mail :
When an article is available to download, a notice will be sent to your mailbox address.
E-mail :