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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 300 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 6孫榮光,《客家 媒體 再現》2010年,頁54。
  2. 10此外客家婦女抗日的內容可參考黃秀政,《台灣割讓與乙未抗日運動》,和吳昭英,《乙未戰役中桃竹苗客家人抗日運動之研究》等論著,下文再詳述。
  3. (二)臺灣文獻叢刊。
  4. 11參考薛雲峰,《臺灣客家史觀:以義民與1895乙未抗日戰爭為例》,2010年,頁21-25。西文資料如,William Campbell所著“Missionary Success in Formosa”和E.H.House寫於1874年的“The Japanese Expedition to Formosa”等書。
  5. (二)《臺灣漢人武裝抗日史研究----一八九五~一九○二》
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 邱慧玲(2015)。論《臺灣人三部曲》儒道傳統意識之轉型。交通大學客家文化學院客家社會與文化學程學位論文。2015。1-164。 
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