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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 88 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王雲東,2007,《社會研究方法 ─ 量化與質性取向及其應用》,台北:威仕曼文化事業股份有限公司。
  2. 江明修、梅高文,2003,〈自律乎?他律乎?財團法人監督機制之省思〉,《中國行政評論》, 第12卷第2期:137-160。
  3. 范振乾,2002,〈客家事務行政體系之建構〉,「客家公共政策」研討會,台北:行政院客家委員會。
  4. 孫煒,2010b,〈設置族群型代表性行政機關的理論論證〉,《台灣政治學刊》,第14卷第1期:105-158。
  5. 孫煒,2010c,〈我國族群型代表性行政機關的設置及其意涵〉,《臺灣民主季刊》,第7卷第4期:85-136。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李芳儒(2013)。原住民族行政機關定位之研究:以臺北市政府原住民族事務委員會為例。淡江大學公共行政學系公共政策碩士在職專班學位論文。2013。1-169。 
  2. 江美珍(2015)。客家地方治理的合產效能之研究:以臺灣石門農田水利會為例。中央大學客家研究碩士在職專班學位論文。2015。1-166。
  3. 蘇巧蘋(2015)。臺灣地方客家行政機關契約委外的治理研究:新北市義民祭個案分析。中央大學客家研究碩士在職專班學位論文。2015。1-176。
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