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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 100 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳建仁,《從中央支配到地方自主:日本地方分權改革的軌跡與省思》,Airiti Press,(2010)。
  2. 林慈玲,「地方政府跨域合作研究--日美與我國經驗之比較」,台大政治學研究所碩士論文,(2005)。
  3. 葉俊麟,「河川跨域治理之競合與困境研究---以高雄縣市跨域治理愛河水系活化為例 」,國立中山大學公共事務管理研究所碩士論文(2007)。
  4. 范書銘,「分析跨域治理的過程中地方行政機關與中央分派機關之間的互動模式:以嘉義縣文化觀光局與國家風景區管理處為例」,國立中正大學政治學研究所碩士論文(2011)。
  5. 吳美珠,「臺北市老人長期照顧政策之研究:跨域治理觀點」,國立臺北大學公共行政暨政策學系碩士在職專班碩士論文(2010)。
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