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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 151 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 江玲玲、吳清平、王儷穎、吳英黛(2004)。呼吸器依賴患者的生活功能及生活品質。物理治療,29
  2. 行政院衛生署國民健康局(2006)。臺灣地區中老年身心社會生活狀況長期追蹤:第五次調查成果報告。臺
  3. 中市:行政院衛生署國民健康局。
  4. 李光耀(2007)。臺灣音樂治療的歷史與方法方分析。國立成功大學藝術研究所碩士論文,未出版,臺南
  5. 林毓(2008)。團體音樂治療於改善失智症老人症狀成效之探討。國立臺北醫學大學護理學研究所碩士論
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 羅秋茗(2014)。輕中度高齡失智者參與懷舊活動方案促進其幸福感之研究-以台南市一所養護中心為例。中正大學成人及繼續教育學系學位論文。2014。1-191。
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