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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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楊麗玉 , Masters  Advisor:謝敏捷  



Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 49 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 宋冀寧、宋麗玉 (2001) 。社會福利機構服務品質相關因素探討之研究-以老人自費安養護機構為例,社會政策與社會工作學刊。
    2. 黃源協 (1999) 。福利社區化實驗計畫之評估分析-以彰化縣鹿港老人及身心障礙者方案為例,社會政策與社會工作學刊。第三卷,第一期,9-65。
    3. 黃源協 (2000) 。社區照顧服務輸送模式之探討。社會政策與社會工作學刊。第四期,第二卷,179-220。
    4. 吳政裕 (1998) 。鄉村社區成年智障者之照顧:以嘉義縣新港鄉為例,國立中正大學社會福利學系
    5. 林金立 (2006) 。老人居家服務方案之評估研究:以雲林縣為例,國立中正大學社會福利學系。
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