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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 51 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王森信,2006,建立企業績效管理系統的探索,品質月刊10月號:27-30。
  2. 王森信,2008,以精實六標準差導向驅動開放式的創新文化,品質月刊3月號:32-35。
  3. 白賜清,2007,2007品質論壇--精實六標準差記要,品質月刊9月號:45-49。
  4. 任恒毅、廖秀姬,2008,精實生產價值溪流程改善方法之實證研究-以某汽車空調製造商為例,品質學報 15(5): 323-336。
  5. 李芳齡譯,2004,豐田模式,麥格羅‧希爾國際出版。(Liker,J.,“ The Toyota Way: 14Management Principles From The World's Greatest Manufacturer ”, McGraw-Hill,2003.)
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王妙蓁(2012)。運用QFD技術於精實改善專案規劃之研究。屏東科技大學企業管理系所學位論文。2012。1-125。 
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