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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 245 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 方妙玲(2007)。倫理領導、信任、個人需求實現對組織承諾的影響。企業管理學報,74,1-40。
  2. 王博弘、林清達(2006)。台灣近二十年來校長領導實徵研究與學校效能關係之探討。花蓮教育大學學報,22,283-306。
  3. 江文雄(1999)。校長做得好,不怕被評鑑:談校長評鑑的觀念。現代教育論壇,5,183-189。
  4. 吳宗立(1999)。國民中學行政人員分享決策與學校效能關係之研究。中學教育學報,6,33-67。
  5. 吳清基(1989)。教育與行政。台北市:師大書苑。
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 何仁馨(2014)。新北市公立幼兒園主任正向領導與學校效能關係之研究。淡江大學教育政策與領導研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2014。1-171。 
  2. 陳昱宣(2013)。宜蘭縣國民中學學校組織氣氛與學校效能關係之研究。臺灣師範大學教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2013。1-144。
  3. 劉力瑋(2013)。國民中學學校文化類型與學校內部社區感之研究。中正大學教育學研究所學位論文。2013。1-217。
  4. 楊明原(2017)。國民中學校長火線領導與學校效能關係之研究─以資訊文化為中介。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2017。1-257。
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