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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 73 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 方清居(2000)策略聯盟的理論與實踐,(苗栗區農業專訊),第12期, 頁.5~7。
  2. 江季如(2009)應用AHP及FAHP手法探討不同族群對保險項目重要性之研究-以面板廠個案公司為例,元智大學工業工程與管理學系碩士論文。
  3. 吳清山、林天佑(2001)。教育名詞:網路成癮。教育資料與研究,42,111。
  4. 吳錦錩(2006)建構企業持續性競爭優勢-以台灣資訊科技公司為例,東吳經濟商學學報,第53期,頁95-134。
  5. 李經世(2008)澎湖地區民宿經營關鍵因素之探討,朝陽科技大學休閒事業,碩士論文,頁16〜頁18。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳柏佐(2013)。消費者透過網路購買保健食品之關鍵因素。中正大學企業管理學系學位論文。2013。1-76。
  2. 邱永亮(2015)。烘焙師傅於國際競賽獲獎之關鍵因素。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2015。1-100。
  3. 王瑋瀅(2015)。觀光工廠行銷策略關鍵成功因素探討:AHP分析方法。中正大學企業管理學系學位論文。2015。1-106。
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