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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 50 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 方俊儒、李秀英、龍春伶(2008),“獨立董監事對公司績效與盈餘品質之影響-控制股東之調節效果”,會計與公司治理,第5卷,第1期,2008年06月,頁55-80。
  2. 李馨蘋、莊宗憲(2007),“公司治理機制與公司績效之實證研究”,東吳經濟商業學報,第57期,2007年07月,頁1-27。
  3. 汪瑞芝、陳明進(2004),“兩稅合一制前後上市公司股利發放之實證研究”,管理學報,第21卷,第2期,2004年04月,頁257-277。。
  4. 林鳳儀、蘇信安(2011),“應用 VIKOR 為計分模式之公司治理評等系統”,電子商務研究,第9卷,第1期,2011年春季,頁101-124。
  5. 林鳳麗、廖育旻(2010),“台灣上市公司自由現金流量與營收成長是否影響公司績效?縱橫門檻迴歸模型之運用”,會計與公司治理,第7卷,第1期,2010年06月,頁1-30。
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